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Identifying and Preventing Common Risk Factors in the Older Adult

presented by Constance Sheets

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Disclosure Statement:

Financial: Constance Sheets receives compensation from MedBridge for this course. There is no financial interest beyond the production of this course. Non-Financial: Constance Sheets has no competing non-financial interests or relationships with regard to the content presented in this course.

Satisfactory completion requirements: All disciplines must complete learning assessments to be awarded credit, no minimum score required unless otherwise specified within the course.

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Video Runtime: 76 Minutes; Learning Assessment Time: 45 Minutes

As people age, they are more at risk for disease and disability from the natural decline in body systems. Nurses need to be aware of factors that put the older adult at risk for functional decline and disease. Once risk factors are identified, poor outcomes can be minimized through interventions that improve an older adult’s well-being, quality of life, and self-care. This course will focus on recommendations that promote the health of the older adult. Areas such as physical activity, nutrition, tobacco use, alcohol use, heart disease, injury prevention, safe medication use, and immunizations will be addressed.

Meet Your Instructor

Constance Sheets, DNP, RN, GCNS-BC

Dr. Sheets has taught in the undergraduate nursing program at Valparaiso University since 2004. She is certified in gerontology and has an extensive home health background. She has co­-authored articles that have been published in Rehabilitation Nursing and Nursing Education Perspectives, and has been a content reviewer for a gerontological nursing textbook. Professor Sheets has…

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Chapters & Learning Objectives

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1. Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

Health promotion activities can improve quality of life, prevent disease, and improve functional capacity for the older adult. This chapter will define health promotion and disease prevention through screening recommendations. The U. S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) and Healthy People 2020 will be discussed.

2. Physical Activity and Nutrition

Remaining physically active and maintaining proper nutrition can prevent disease and disability. How the nurse can promote health through increased physical activity and healthy nutrition will be discussed, and screening recommendations will be noted.

3. Safety and Polypharmacy

Assessing the environment for any safety concerns can prevent injuries in the elderly. Knowing how medications interact and providing a thorough assessment of how errors can be made in the regimen is imperative. How the nurse can promote health through identifying safety issues and potential for medication errors because of polypharmacy will be discussed, and screening recommendations will be noted.

4. Tobacco Use, Alcohol Abuse, and Neglect

Nurses should provide education on smoking cessation and avoidance of alcohol overuse to improve outcomes in patients. Nurses should also be aware of signs of neglect in order to intervene appropriately. How the nurse can promote health through identifying alcohol and tobacco use and factors that put the older adult at risk for potential abuse and neglect will be discussed, and screening recommendations will be noted.

5. Immunizations and Mental Health

Immunizations can prevent disease in older adults, and mental health is an essential aspect of holistic care. How the nurse can promote health by providing appropriate immunizations and mental health screening will be discussed, and screening recommendations will be noted.

6. Heart Disease and Other Chronic Illnesses

For nurses to promote health and prevent disease, they need to understand what factors put an older adult at risk. How the nurse can encourage health through identifying the factors that cause heart disease, as well as screening and preventative measures that can be implemented to reduce the risk of complications will be discussed. Other chronic illnesses, such as breast cancer, colorectal cancer, osteoporosis, and thyroid disease, will also be identified along with screening recommendations.

7. Self-Management

Nurses want their patients to be independent in managing their chronic conditions. This chapter will describe some strategies the nurse can employ to assist the older adult in managing their care independently.

More Courses in this Series

Physiological Changes and Assessment of the Older Adult Part 2

Presented by Constance Sheets, DNP, RN, GCNS-BC

Physiological Changes and Assessment of the Older Adult Part 2

Subscribe now, and access clinical education and patient education—anytime, anywhere—with video instruction from recognized industry experts.
Video Runtime: 101 Minutes; Learning Assessment Time: 39 Minutes

Individuals 85 years of age and older are one of the fastest growing segments of the US population (US Census Bureau, 2010). Growth in this age bracket, coupled with the already growing number of individuals 65 and older, will lead to a tremendous need for nurses to provide specialized physical and comprehensive assessments. These assessments will need to account for chronic illness and age-related physiological changes to prevent complications and improve well-being. Age-related changes in health are most pronounced in those over 85; therefore, astute assessment skills are imperative. Providing a systematic approach to the assessment will cover all essential aspects and give the opportunity to develop appropriate interventions. This course will provide the nurse with skills and techniques on how to provide a head-to-toe physical assessment of the older adult. Other dimensions in providing a comprehensive evaluation of the older adult will also be mentioned.

View full course details

Physiological Changes and Assessment of the Older Adult Part 1

Presented by Constance Sheets, DNP, RN, GCNS-BC

Physiological Changes and Assessment of the Older Adult Part 1

Subscribe now, and access clinical education and patient education—anytime, anywhere—with video instruction from recognized industry experts.
Video Runtime: 64 Minutes; Learning Assessment Time: 40 Minutes

By 2030, the number of US adults aged 65 or older will more than double to about 71 million, or 20 % of the US population (US Census Bureau, 2010). The increase in the older adult population has far-reaching implications and will put high demands on nurses to provide quality, age-specific care. The US population is living longer, but the increased years of life are not always healthy ones. Nurses will need to have awareness and knowledge of physiological changes that occur in the older adult to improve quality of life and well-being while preventing complications. This course will arm the nurse with the understanding of physiologic changes that occur with aging. Physiologic changes in the aging of each body system will be discussed, along with some assessment parameters that the nurse can use to differentiate expected differences from those that are abnormal.

View full course details

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