presented by Adriaan Louw
Financial: Adriaan Louw receives compensation from MedBridge for this course. Adriaan Louw has no competing financial interests or relationships with regard to the content presented in this course.
Non-Financial: Adriaan Louw has no competing non-financial interests or relationships with regard to the content presented in this course.
Satisfactory completion requirements: All disciplines must complete learning assessments to be awarded credit, no minimum score required unless otherwise specified within the course.
Adriaan Louw, PT, PhD
Adriaan, co-founder and CEO of ISPI, earned both an undergraduate as well as a master’s degree in research and spinal surgery rehabilitation from the University of Stellenbosch in Cape Town, South Africa. He is a guest lecturer/adjunct faculty at Rockhurst University, St. Ambrose University, and the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. In addition, he maintains…Read full bio
1. Social Support and Pain
Social connection is a fundamental need for human beings. This chapter will explore the relationship between social support and pain, and will demonstrate that lack of support is correlated with risk for chronic musculoskeletal pain. Clinical applications for facilitating socialization are discussed.
2. Ethnicity, Culture and Pain
Ethnicity and culture play an important role in how people experience and express pain. If these differences are not properly understood by health care practitioners, patients can be perceived as “abnormal,” detrimentally affecting their treatment. This chapter provides an overview of the two main responses to pain and suggests ways in which to navigate the waters of cultural diversity in treating pain patients.
3. Nature vs. Nurture
An individual’s propensity towards chronic pain is influenced by both nature and nurture. This chapter explores the relationship between genetics and pain, as well as that of parental influences and learned behaviors regarding pain. Clinical considerations are explored as therapists seek to influence how their patients (and their parents) approach pain.